Grace Chisholm Young was a British Mathematician.
Although she passed the entrance exam for Cambridge University at 17, Young was unable to take up a place for another four years. She passed her finals in 1892, but women were not awarded degrees at Cambridge until 1948. As it was not possible for a woman to study for a PhD, Young carried on with her studies in Germany and was the first woman to officially receive a Ph.D. in Germany.
Chisholm Young won the Gamble Prize in 1915. She had six children, the eldest of which (Cicely) also won the Gamble Prize.
Click here for more on Grace Chisholm Young